Analysis of velocity-mapped ion images from high-resolution crossed-beam scattering experiments: a tutorial review
Radboud University, Institute for Molecules and Materials, Heijendaalseweg 135, Nijmegen, 6525 AJ, Netherlands
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Accepted: 21 June 2015
Published online: 28 July 2015
A Stark decelerator produces beams of molecules with high quantum state purity, and small spatial, temporal and velocity spreads. These tamed molecular beams are ideally suited for high-resolution crossed beam scattering experiments. When velocity map imaging is used, the Stark decelerator allows the measurement of scattering images with unprecedented radial sharpness and angular resolution. Differential cross sections must be extracted from these high-resolution images with extreme care, however. Common image analysis techniques that are used throughout in crossed beam experiments can result in systematic errors, in particular in the determination of collision energy, and the allocation of scattering angles to observed peaks in the angular scattering distribution. Using a high-resolution data set on inelastic collisions of velocity-controlled NO radicals with Ne atoms, we describe the challenges met by the high resolution, and present methods to mitigate or overcome them.
PACS: Codes – 34.50.-s / Codes – 37.10.Mn
Key words: Inelastic scattering / Differential cross sections / Molecular beams / Stark decelerator / Ion imaging / Image analysis / VMI
© von Zastrow et al. licensee Springer., 2015
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.