ESS Cryogenic Controls Design
European Spallation Source ERIC, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden
Accepted: 10 March 2021
Published online: 25 May 2021
The European Spallation Source (ESS) is a neutron-scattering facility funded and supported in collaboration with 13 European countries in Lund, Sweden. Cryogenic cooling at ESS is vital particularly for the linear accelerator, the hydrogen target moderators, a test stand for cryomodules, the neutron instruments and their sample environments. The paper will focus on the control system design for the different cryogenic subsystems, hardware and software selected, industry and in-house development, advantages and disadvantages of the chosen setup and operational experience. There is also a lessons learned, feedback from providers and stakeholders and an outlook for further development described.
Key words: Cryogenic / Cryoplant / Controls / EPICS / Helium / Hydrogen
© The Author(s) 2021
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